The events of Friday, 3 June, 2011
The main programme of the Festival was finalized by the organizers together with the Scientific Director. The joint programme is made up of meetings organized by representatives of the publishing houses or other bodies, which take full responsibility for these events.
For events accompanied by the symbol, a simultaneous translation service is available.
For events accompanied by the symbol, a live broadcasting service is available in piazza Duomo and piazza Fiera, and on web tv
The organizing committee of the Trento Festival of Economics reserves the right to make changes to the programme after the printing of this publication.
For more information on the programme, last minute changes, changes of venue in the event of rain or other circumstances, and on events deferred or cancelled, go to www.festivaleconomia.it, visit the Festival information points, or contact the secretariat at +39 0461 260511 or email@example.com.
Spectators present at the events agree to and authorize the future use of any photographic, audio or film material which may be recorded at the Festival.
Entrance to the events is open and free of charge until full capacity is reached. No pre-booking.
organised by Princeton University Press
discussed by Daniela Vuri
Germany has suffered a severe recession and yet, during the crisis, unemployment diminished. What explains this German miracle? Incentives for introducing shorter working hours? Decentralized negotiations? Individual calculations of working hours? Or are the other explanations?
Presented by Tobias Piller
For many years now debate has surrounded the supposedly weak civic spirit of Italians. It is often invoked to explain the poor quality of the political class and has been amply recalled, often irrelevantly, to explain the exceptional factiousness of the current political struggle. A sociologist and an economist with long experience in political matters, discuss these and other related issues.
Presented by Enrico Franco
organized by Marsilio Editori
The Deposits and Loans Fund is consists in savings and the Banking foundations participate in its risk capital. According to the government, it should be the white knight of Italian companies and favour their growth. Is this a truly effective way of managing the savings of Italians?
Information is the soul of the market and free competition can exist only in a market where all the necessary information actually circulates. Between the borders of economic freedom lies information whose availability can expand or restrict those borders. What do Italians know and understand about economics? How do they inform themselves? And how do they manage information asymmetries, often in the field of finance which had a key role in the last global crisis. This and much more is discussed by the President of ISTAT, who conducted a special survey of economic awareness by Italians, the President of ABI, who represents the banking system, and two economists, one specialized in finance and the other in cognitive theories.
Presented by Giancarlo Santalmassi
People interact to trade information, opinions, sentiments, but also work, goods and services. An isolated person cannot trade with anyone. A person who has been removed from isolation and begins to interact with others, reveals that the exchange has a positive individual value. If he does not begin to interact, he does not reveal the opposite. In short, it is not the “exchange” in itself that has a positive or negative individual value: rather what has a positive individual value is the “free trade”, in other words the freedom to decide whether to trade or not. Between State and Market, which protects this freedom best?
Presented by Andrea Fracasso
According to IOM, there are 230 million migrants around the world. Those fleeing hunger, misery or wars are often the victims of human trafficking. Economic needs, security requirements and different political viewpoints clash, while international crime does not stand by idly.
Reflection on the distortion or advantages of policy “to support the economy”, the effects on economic freedom and market disturbance: a benefit for the economy or a tool for laying claim to supremacy in political, economic and judicial decision-making?
The study of 107 episodes of fiscal consolidation in the OECD countries highlights under what conditions the restructuring of pubic finances can lead to recession and when the governments responsible are punished by the voters in the next round of elections. It turns out that the famous maxim uttered by Jean Claude Juncker “We all know what to do, but we don’t know how to get re-elected once we have done it” is perhaps not so true after all.
Presented by Dino Pesole
New development scenarios in OECD countries have seen an emerging demand for collaboration between companies, trade union representatives and institutions. Up to what point can entrepreneurial risk be shared with the workers? How does the role of trade unions change in an economy based on small businesses and the local area? What is the role of politics? In the session it is intended to discuss the need to experiment with new forms of relationships and partnerships between the worlds of politics, business and employment.
In Italian legislation prostitution is contemplated but not regulated, and its exploitation is punished. In Europe there are a series of different models to govern the phenomenon: at one extreme, there is the German model where prostitution (if chosen by the person who practices it) is a job, with rights, safeguards and obligations; at the other extreme there is the Sweden, where prostitution is on the same level as violence and the clients of the sex market are punished.
Why do different religions impose or censure different practices?
If a religion prohibits certain foods while another obliges parents to teach their children to read, what are the economic consequences? Why has India decided to abolish an institution – that of the bride’s dowry to the husband – which has existed for millennia in various civilizations? Why do so many civilizations from antiquity to today have religious laws or norms to combat usury, and what effects do these restrictions have? History provides us with the answers.
Presented by Riccardo Sorrentino
organised by InfoCamere Scpa
Illegality cannot be fought through isolated action, but rather using a shared strategy within which everyone has their own role: this is the idea behind the creation of the National Legality Committee, in which Chambers of Commerce participate by providing background information
in collaboration with young entrepreneurs from Trentino
The public is invited to meet Festival speakers in the café
The lecture will review the economic foundations of the fiscal policy framework in the euro area. It will then discuss the current debt crisis and the solutions that have been proposed so far. What is needed is a framework to deal with sovereign debt defaults in the euro area.
presented by Tobias Piller
A debate between the powers of the future and alternative models. China: the freedom from need and authoritarian paternalism. India and Brazil: two experiments in “southern social democracies". Indonesia: the successful transition of an Islamic country. The challenges of the emerging giants to the American idea of freedom.
presented by Alberto Faustini
The first months of 2011 have been defined by the major upheavals in a number of Arab countries, all accompanied by demands for more democracy, less power for oligarchies and greater meritocracy in the selection of the ruling class. This Arab 1948 has caught international opinion completely off guard, forcing us to question the profound meaning of these events but also our very ability to understand the times we live in.
Presented by Pietro Veronese
The major multinational companies influence the life of millions of people, but they have just begun to reflect on their responsibility in terms of safeguarding human rights. The meeting will focus on the role of multinational companies in the development of poor countries with plentiful resources, such as Nigeria.
organised by Amnesty International – Italian section
How has the role of central bankers changed during the crisis and what must banks do to find a definitive way out?
presented by Elena Polidori
In our country we feel free: free to express our opinions, to move from one place to another, to choose what to study or what career path to pursue according to our interests.
If you look carefully, this freedom clashes – across broad swathes of Italy – with widespread illegality: not only that of the major criminal organizations but also the less visible but no less dangerous phenomena of corruption, patronage, and the black economy.
A leading magistrate, protagonist in the fight against criminal, political and economic illegality, sheds light on one of the preconditions for economic freedom
Presented by Giuliano Giubilei
This lecture will discuss the consequences of the historic health care reform bill that President Obama signed into law in March 2010. Special attention will be paid to those who voluntarily chose to be covered under the plan as against those who only joined when it became obligatory. The philosophical and legal arguments underpinning compulsory coverage will also be examined.
Presented by Federico Pedrocchi
The emergency landings in Lampedusa has put the government’s problem of migratory flows dramatically back at the centre of the agenda. Up to what point can these be administered at national level or must they be coordinated by Europe? Italy’s Minister of the Interior and a leading academic in the field discuss the causes and effects of international migration.
presented by Dario Di Vico
Spectators present at the events allow and authorise future use of any photographs taken and any film or audio sequences recorded.
at the borderLive discussion of the most advanced research, emerging issues and the most innovative laboratories
dialoguesTwo different points of view, two contrasting ways of looking at a problem and two possible alternatives for solving it
focusA closer look at a phenomenon on the public agenda
intersectionsFrom history to sociology and philosophy. How much and what other disciplines have to say about the economic situation
keywordsA minimalist glossary: the fundamental terms for finding one's bearing and forming an opinion
past and presentIf something happens only once, it is as if it has never happened: the myth of the eternal return of the same accompanies a great deal of literature and philosophy. Is the same true of history? And economics? In the new "past and present" format, the Festival intends to investigate analogous elements and profound differences characterising a succession of apparently very similar events: financial crises, speculative bubbles, fears about the escalation of violence and the invasion of "foreigners". Interpreting history in order to understand the present and perhaps avoid some future mistakes
contemporary witnessesIntellectual experiences, life choices and first hand stories recounted in person by those who have experienced them
visionsOur present and near future in the opinion of important figures on the international cultural scene
the economics cafèThe history of culture often includes public places that have become centres for coming together, discussion and intellectual exchange, from the futurists who animated the "Giubbe Rosse" café in Florence to the unforgettable cafés of the " rive gauche" in Paris. For this fifth edition of the Festival, Trento offers its residents and the festival public the magnificent cafés of the historic centre, in order to inaugurate a new cultural tradition and allow them to learn more about economics and its protagonists, from even closer
meetings with authors
for & againstFor & Against